Port wine stains also called as nevus flammeus is a birthmark that looks like a stain in the skin. This type of birthmark is often seen on the face but can also appear on other parts of the body. It is characterized by a deep purple map – like stain on the side of the face, arms and even legs. Port wine stain on infants appears to be less dark and normally spreads like a pink rash. As the child grows older, it can either develop to a darker color or get paler.
Treatment of port wine stain consists of laser, surgery and tattooing. Laser surgery being the most effective comes in different stages wherein the age and health concerns of the patient is given the most consideration. Some choose to conceal this with make up or tattoo art while others just leave it the way it is.
Some people choose to conceal port wine stains because of its psychological, social and emotional effect on them. People who can cope up with it just leave it the way it looks without trying to conceal it.
Port wine stain cannot be prevented. There haven’t been studies and medical inventions that can actually lead to the prevention of this type of birthmark.
Associated syndrome and other analytical observation can be given by a doctor to determine and confirm a port wine stain. In rare cases, a biopsy is needed. The severity of this birthmark depends on the age and location of the stain. The part of the face where the birthmark is commonly seen is the easiest to treat while those that are located on the legs, arms and other part of the body is more complicated.
Port wine stains are present at birth. Although it can get paler or fade after time, most of it develops to get darker in a purplish color.
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